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Minimally Invasive Thyroid Surgery


Minimally Invasive Thyroid Surgery

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The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ, composed of the right and left lobe, which is located in the middle of the neck. The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine organ, producing thyroid hormones to regulate the hormonal balance in the body. The common thyroid diseases are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid goitre and thyroid cancer. Most patients are young women (20-40 years of age) who are still concerned about their cosmesis appearance.

Hence, a thyroidectomy performed through the patient’s mouth which leaves no obvious scar could serve as a treatment alternative to improve their quality of life. Dr. Thanyawat Sasanakietkul, thyroid and parathyroid surgeon at Praram 9 Hospital, explained that thyroid diseases can be categorized as

1) Non-toxic thyroid nodule: A lump is formed in the middle of the neck, which can be easily noticed, as it moves up-downwards when you swallow. This nodule needs to be diagnosed early by ultrasound or needle biopsy to find out whether it is cancer. In the case of thyroid cancer, the patient should get early surgical treatment to prevent lymph node or distant metastasis.

2) Hyperthyroidism: hyperthyroidism results from many causes. For example, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to the hyperfunctioning of the thyroid. The common symptoms include enlargement of both hormone glands, rapid or irregular heartbeat, fatigue, weight loss and bulging eyes. Hyperthyroidism may also result from the toxic thyroid nodule. Unlike Graves’ disease, toxic adenoma excessively produces hormones, while the thyroid glands themselves are normal. In most cases, toxic adenoma is treated by medication and radioiodine or surgery.


Source: Expat Life Thailand

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